WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
  • 44
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 186-189

Psychoactive substance use by psychiatric patients in the National Referral Hospital, Bhutan: a retrospective analysis

Psychiatric Ward, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital, Thimphu, Bhutan

Correspondence Address:
Sonam Choki
Nurse Manager, Psychiatric Ward, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital, Thimpu
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2224-3151.206735

Rights and Permissions

Background: The costs to the individual and to society of psychoactive substance use is of growing concern in Bhutan. This study aimed to assess the relation between the demographic variables of patients admitted to the National Referral Hospital for first-time detoxification and the psychoactive substances used. Methods: The demographic variables and types of psychoactive substance used by 284 substance users were reviewed. Data were collected through patients’ history sheets and admission registers, and analysed through descriptive statistics, one-way analysis of variance and independent t test. Results: The commonest psychoactive substance used was alcohol, followed by cannabis, nitrazepam, dextropropoxyphene, glue (inhaled) and chlorphenamine/ pseudoephedrine/codeine-containing cough syrup. Only 14% of participants were aged 45 years or older. Most patients used more than one substance; the mean number of psychoactive substances used was highest among males, individuals aged 15–24 years and those who were unemployed. Conclusion: Among patients admitted for first-time detoxification, harmful use of alcohol is the most common, followed by cannabis and illicit prescription drugs. Preventive measures should be prioritized on a need-based strategy. The findings of this study indicate that some of these preventive measures should be focused on males, unemployed groups and youth, and should involve raising awareness of harmful use of substances and the services available to treat substance use disorders.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded192    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal