WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 165-173

Integrating adolescent-friendly health services into the public health system: an experience from rural India

MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Ruchi Sogarwal
MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child, B-5, Greater Kailash Enclave-II, New Delhi-110048
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DOI: 10.4103/2224-3151.206763

PMID: 28615592

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Background: Although India’s health policy is directed toward improving adolescent reproductive health, adolescent-friendly health services are scarce. The intervention for “integrating adolescent-friendly health services into the public health system” is an effort to improve the health status of adolescents in rural areas of the Varanasi (Arajiline) and Bangalore (Hosakote) districts in India. The purpose of this article is to describe the features of the intervention and investigate the impact on improving awareness and utilization of services by adolescent as well as quality of ARSH services in the intervention districts. Methods: Data from project monitoring, community survey (737 adolescents), exit interviews (120 adolescents), assessment of adolescent sexual and reproductive health clinics (n = 4), and health service statistics were used. Descriptive analyses and paired t-tests were used to compare the two intervention districts. Results: Overall, the percentage of adolescents who were aware of the services being offered at a health-care facility was higher in Hosakote (range: 56.2% to 74.7%) as compared to Arajiline (range: 67.3% to 96.9); 23.3% and 42.6% of adolescents in Arajiline and Hosakote typically sought multiple services at any one visit. A large percentage of clients (Arajiline: 81.7%; Hosakote: 95.0%) were satisfied with the services they received from the facility. The relative change in uptake of services from the first quarter (January to March 2009) to the last quarter (October to December 2010) was significantly higher in Arajiline (7.93, P = 0.020) than in Hosakote (0.78, P = 0.007). Conclusion: The intervention had positive results for the public health system and the services are being scaled up to different blocks of the districts, under a public-private partnership.

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