WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 457-466

Health systems responsiveness and its correlates: evidence from family planning service provision in Sri Lanka

1 Acting Consultant Community Physician, Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka
2 Public Health Physician (FAFPHM), Course Coordinator, Master of Health and International Development, Discipline of Public Health, School of Medicine, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia
3 Head/Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
4 Country Representative, World Health Organization, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
W L S P Perera
Acting Consultant Community Physician, Ministry of Health
Sri Lanka
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DOI: 10.4103/2224-3151.207048

PMID: 28615611

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Background: The World Health Organization has described health systems responsiveness (HSR) as a multi-domain concept encompassing eight non-medical expectations of health-care service seekers. HSR is a valuable measure of health systems performance, providing policy-makers and service providers much information to improve services. This paper presents findings of a cross-sectional survey conducted to assess HSR and its correlates through family planning (FP) services in Colombo district, Sri Lanka. Methods: A Health Systems Responsiveness Assessment Questionnaire, developed and validated in Sri Lanka, was used. Trained interviewers administered the questionnaire in 38 FP clinics randomly selected to sample 1520 clients. Results: The rating of responsiveness as ‘good’ for six domains ranged from 88% (n=1338) to 72% (n=1094). The overall HSR was rated to be ‘good’ by 83.4% (1268). Ethnicity being majority Sinhalese, persons who were currently employed and those using oral contraceptive pills (OCP) or condoms were negatively associated with rating of HSR. Positive associations with the HSR assessment were a family income of less than Rs 40 000 (US$ 303) per month, satisfaction with current FP method, use of only one method within the past year, use of only one FP clinic within the past year, health service provider being a medical officer, intention to use the FP clinic services in future, and satisfaction with overall services of the clinic. Conclusions: Though overall HSR was rated by the majority as ‘good’, some aspects need more attention in delivering FP services.

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