WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 290-298

Promoting antenatal care services for early detection of pre-eclampsia

1 Department of Medical Research (Upper ), Pyin Oo Lyin, Myanmar
2 Maternal & Child Health Section, Department of Health, Myanmar
3 University of Medicine, Mandalay, Department of Medical Science, Myanmar

Correspondence Address:
Tin Tin Thein
Department of Medical Research (Upper Myanmar), Pyin Oo Lyin
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DOI: 10.4103/2224-3151.207025

PMID: 28615555

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A prospective, quasi-experimental study was carried out in 2009 at urban health centres (UHCs) of five townships of Mandalay, Myanmar, to improve the skill of midwives (MWs) in diagnosis and referral of pre-eclampsia (PE) from UHC to the Central Women’s Hospital (CWH) and to enhance the supervision of midwives by lady health visitors (LHVs). The intervention was training on quality antenatal care focusing on PE using an updated training manual. Altogether, 75 health care providers (MWs & LHVs) participated. In this study, data were extracted from patient registers and monthly reports of UHCs and CWH. Interviewers were trained regarding the conduct of semi-structured questionnaires to elicit knowledge and to use checklists in observation of skills in screening of PE, measuring blood pressure and urine protein (dipstick test). A guide for LHVs was also used to obtain data, and data was collected six months prior to and after the intervention. Significant improvements from baseline to endline survey occurred in the knowledge (p<0.001) and skill levels (p<0.001) including skills for screening, measuring blood pressure and urine protein. At CWH, there was an increase in referred cases of PE after the intervention, from 1.25% to 2.56% (p<0.001). In conclusion, this study highlights the early detection of pre-eclampsia by widespread use of quality antenatal care, education and training of health-care providers to improve their performance and increase human resources for health care, in order to enable women in our society to have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies.

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