WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
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REVIEW
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-29

Mosquito-borne diseases in Assam, north-east India: current status and key challenges


1 National Institute of Malaria Research (Field Station), Guwahati, Assam, India
2 Centre for Rural Development and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
3 National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, National Health Mission, Government of Assam, Guwahati, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
V Dev
National Institute of Malaria Research (Field Station), Guwahati – 781 022, Assam
India
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DOI: 10.4103/2224-3151.206616

PMID: 28607271

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Mosquito-borne diseases, including malaria, Japanese encephalitis (JE), lymphatic filariasis and dengue, are major public health concerns in the north-eastern state of Assam, deterring equitable socioeconomic and industrial development. Among these, malaria and JE are the predominant infections and are spread across the state. The incidence of malaria is, however, gradually receding, with a consistent decline in cases over the past few years, although entry and spread of artemisinin-resistant Plasmodium falciparum remains a real threat in the country. JE, formerly endemic in upper Assam, is currently spreading fast across the state, with confirmed cases and a high case-fatality rate affecting all ages. Lymphatic filariasisis is prevalent but its distribution is confined to a few districts and disease transmission is steadily declining. Dengue has recently invaded the state, with a large concentration of cases in Guwahati city that are spreading to suburban areas. Control of these diseases requires robust disease surveillance and integrated vector management on a sustained basis, ensuring universal coverage of evidence-based key interventions based on sound epidemiological data. This paper aims to present a comprehensive review of the status of vector-borne diseases in Assam and to address the key challenges.


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