WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-59

Dengue vectors in urban and suburban Assam, India: entomological observations

1 National Institute of Malaria Research (Field Station), Guwahati, Assam, India
2 National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Government of Assam, Guwahati, Assam, India

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National Institute of Malaria Research (Field Station), Guwahati – 781022, Assam
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DOI: 10.4103/2224-3151.206885

PMID: 28607255

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Background:Dengue is rapidly becoming established in north-east India and spreading, on account of rapid urbanization and population movement, with reported morbidity and attributable death cases. This study aims to determine the seasonal abundance of Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus and Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti in Guwahati metropolis and suburban settlements; to characterize the breeding resources for these mosquitoes; and to ascertain the status of their susceptibility to adulticides and larvicides. Methods:Mosquito larval surveys were carried out in different localities in both Guwahati city and adjoining suburbs from January to December 2013, to determine the seasonal abundance of disease vectors and their breeding preferences. The insecticide susceptibility status of mosquito adults and larval populations of both Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus was ascertained, using World Health Organization standard diagnostic concentrations and test procedures. Results:The study revealed that both Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are widely abundant in Guwahati city and suburbs, and breeding in a wide variety of resources. Aedes albopictus, however, was the predominant mosquito species in suburbs, breeding preferentially in flower vases, cut-bamboo stumps and leaf axils. Aedes aegypti was the most common in the city, breeding predominantly in discarded tyres, cement tanks and used battery boxes. Both Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus were resistant to dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT; 4%), but susceptible to malathion (5%), and exhibited a varied response to pyrethroids. However, larval populations of both these mosquito species were susceptible to larvicides, including malathion (1.0 mg/L), temephos (0.02 mg/L) and fenthion (0.05 mg/L), at much lower dosages than diagnostic concentrations. Conclusion:Given the seasonal abundance and case incidence in city areas, it is highly probable that Aedes aegypti is the predominant mosquito vector transmitting dengue virus. The study results have direct relevance for the state dengue-control programme, for targeting interventions and averting outbreaks and spread of disease.

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