WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 174-180

Knowledge and opinion about smoke-free laws and second-hand smoke among hospitality venue managers in Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh, India


1 Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India
2 Public Health Foundation of India; Health Related Information Dissemination Amongst Youth, New Delhi, India
3 Health and Family Welfare Department, Government of Gujarat, India
4 Health Related Information Dissemination Amongst Youth, New Delhi, India
5 School of Public Health, Imperial College London, United Kingdom; South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Monika Arora
Director, Health Promotion and Tobacco Control, PHD House, II Floor, 4/2, Siri Fort Institutional Area, August Kranti Marg, New Delhi 110016
India
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DOI: 10.4103/2224-3151.206764

PMID: 28615593

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Background: India’s Smoke-Free Law (SFL) was implemented in 2004 and reinforced on 2nd October 2008. This research attempts to understand the knowledge and opinion of hospitality venue (HV) managers about second-hand smoke (SHS) and SFL as well as self-reported compliance with SFL in two Indian states. Methods:A survey was conducted among 804 randomly sampled HVs from project STEPS (Strengthening of tobacco control efforts through innovative partnerships and strategies) in Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh, India. Four hundred and three HVs from two districts in Gujarat and 401 HVs from six districts in Andhra Pradesh were selected. The owner, manager or supervisor of each HV was interviewed using a pre-tested structured interview schedule. Association of opinion scales with respondents’ background characteristics was assessed through the analysis of variance (ANOVA) method. Results: Out of the 403 respondents in Gujarat and 401 in Andhra Pradesh, 56.1% and 84.3% had knowledge about SFL respectively. Compliance of HVs with SFL was 21.8% in Gujarat and 31.2% in Andhra Pradesh as reported by the managers. Knowledge about SHS was noted among 39.7% of respondents in Gujarat and 25.4% in Andhra Pradesh. Bivariate results indicated that more educated HV managers showed higher support for smoke-free public places (P < 0.001) and were more concerned about the health effects of SHS exposure (P = 0.002). Conclusion: Complete self-reported compliance with, and knowledge of SFL as well as SHS was not found in Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh. The education level of HV managers is an important determinant to ensure compliance with SFL in public places.


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